How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever on-going subject for medical research and shows great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever ongoing subject matter for medical research and illustrates great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently conducting clinical trials for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and so no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give indicators when the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and often just blackout which is often harmful when driving a car or performing other significant tasks diabetes life.
Islet cell transplantation can not treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is actually a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not plenty of donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs readily available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.
The solution to this challenge is to make islets in the lab utilizing stems cells. There is at present research going on using debatable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this route to a cure is heading slowly. People who believe life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research as the cells originated from human embryos which are destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells haven’t grown up into human cells and possess the greatest potential to become any kind of cells in the human body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Competitors to this research think that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you can find studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as treatments.
An up to date published study noted that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – they are called beta cells, but there is debate over these studies and it has not been able to be duplicated.
Even though the research using stem cells is in its baby stages lots of scientists think that this research supports the most promise for success for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally diabetes care.
How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever continuing subject matter for medical research and shows great promise in the fight to look for a cure for this chronic disease.