How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever continuing subject for scientific research and demonstrates great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing topic for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently conducting clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.
The modern procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells are actually destroyed and so no insulin is made. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide indicators once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and frequently just black out which is often dangerous when driving or performing other crucial tasks diabetes for life.
Islet cell transplantation can not treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is actually a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not plenty of donors to serve with only about 3,500 donor organs readily available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.
The answer to this issue is to create islets in the lab using stems cells. There is presently research taking place using controversial embryonic stem cells along with stem cells obtained from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this route to a cure is moving slowly. People who feel that life starts at conception strongly battle embryonic stem cell research because the cells originated from human embryos which are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells have not grown up into human cells and possess the greatest potential to become any sort of cells in the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Oppositions to this research believe that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the answer to this issue. But there are studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as treatments.
A recent published study noted that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to be islet cells that produce insulin – these are called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be duplicated.
Although the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages lots of scientists feel that this investigation supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection just after their own bodies start generating the hormone by natural means diabetes treatment.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever continuing subject for medical research and displays great promise in the struggle to look for a remedy for this chronic disease.