How stem cells treat diabetes is surely an ever on-going subject for medical research and shows great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever constant subject for medical research and illustrates great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently doing clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The modern procedure involves transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is made. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body right after the first transplant can provide warning signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and frequently just blackout which is often dangerous when driving or carrying out other crucial tasks health and advice.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not plenty of donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The answer to this problem is to make islets in the lab using stems cells. There is currently research occurring using dubious embryonic stem cells along with stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this route to a cure is going slowly. People who believe that life begins at conception highly battle embryonic stem cell research because the cells originated from human embryos that are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any kind of cells in the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Competitors to this research think that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the answer to this matter. But you will find studies which raise questions about the ability of these cells as treatments.
A recent published study described that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells taken from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – they are called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be duplicated.
Although the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages lots of scientists think that this research holds the most promise for achievement for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection just after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally diabetics.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever on-going subject matter for medical research and exhibits great promise in the fight to find a remedy for this serious disease.